Standing to Achieve New Directions

...Changing Lives for the Better

Research and Resources for Professionals

America has the largest documented corrections population in the world. There are an estimated 2.3 million individuals incarcerated and 4.9 million on probation and parole.

 Our nation has also seen the proliferation of numerous civic, social, and economic consequences relative to behavioral health, crime, incarnation and community reentry. Georgia is fourth in the nation in incarcerations and sixth in AIDS cases.

In the state of Georgia, the cost of crime and punishment is overwhelming.

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According to the Pew Center, “one out of every 13 Georgia residents is under some form of correctional control.” Subsequently, it costs approximately $3 million per day to operate the Georgia Department of Corrections. More problematic is the costs are directly impacted by issues of substance abuse, and the risks for HIV infection/ transmission. It is widely known that substance abuse continues to be a principal factor in incarceration as well as re-incarceration after release.

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Resources

Alcohol & Drug Addiction

Hazelden http://www.naacp.org 

Addiction Technology Transfer Center (ATTC)  http://www.attcnetwork.org 

Center for Mental Health and Addiction http://www.camh.net 

Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration http://www.samhsa.gov 

SAMHSAs National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information http://www.ncadi.samhsa.gov 

National Abstinence Clearinghouse http://www.abstinence.net 

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms http://www.atf.treas.gov 

National Institute of Drug Abuse http://www.nida.nih.gov 

Treatment Facility Locator http://www.findtreatment.samhsa.gov 

Partnership for Drug Free America http://www.drugfree.org 

The National Eating Disorders Association http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org 

National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month http://recoverymonth.gov 

SAMHSA’s Co-Occurring Center for Excellence http://www.coce.samhsa.gov 

National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University http://www.casacolumbia.org 

National Council for Behavioral Healthcare http://www.thenationalcouncil.org 

Join Together http://www.jointogether.org

Treatment 4 Addiction http://www.treatment4addiction.com/rehab/georgia/ 

Step / Self-Help Recovery

Alcoholic Anonymous http://www.aa.org 

Atlanta Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.attcnetwork.org 

Center for Mental Health and Addiction http://www.atlantaaa.org 

Al-Anon http://www.al-anon.org 

Georgia Al-Anon http://www.ga-al-anon.org 

Narcotics Anonymous http://www.na.org 

Nar-Anon http://www.nar-anon.org 

Georgia Nar-Anon http://www.nar-anon.org/georgia 

Georgia Narcotics Anonymous http://www.grscna.com 

Cocaine Anonymous http://www.ca.org 

Georgia Cocaine Anonymous http://www.georgiaca.org 

Marijuana Anonymous http://www.marijuana-anonymous.org 

Dual Recovery Anonymous http://www.draonline.org 

Overeaters Anonymous http://www.oa.org 

Atlanta Overeaters Anonymous http://www.atlantaoa.org 

Gamblers Anonymous http://www.gamblersanonymous.org 

Debtors Anonymous http://www.debtorsanonymous.org 

Sex Addicts Anonymous http://www.sexaa.org 

Nicotine Anonymous http://www.nicotine-anonymous.org 

Crystal Meth Anonymous http://www.crystalmeth.org 

Codependent Anonymous http://www.coda.org 

Anorexia and Bulimia Anonymous http://www.anorexicsandbulimicsanonymousaba.com 

Sex and Love Addicts Anonymous http://www.slaafws.org 

Sexual Compulsives Anonymous http://www.sca-recovery.org 

Survivors of Incest Anonymous http://www.siawso.org 

HIV Anonymous http://www.hivanonymous.com 

Pills Anonymous http://www.pillsanonymous.info 

HCV Anonymous http://www.hcvanonymous.com

Criminal Justice & Corrections

National Criminal Justice Reference Center http://www.ncjrs.org 

National Criminal Justice Reference Service http://www.ncjrs.gov 

Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice http://www.cjcj.org 

NAACP Criminal Justice Project http://www.naacp.org/advocacy/justice/index.htm

Medical

American Society of Addiction Medicine http://www.asam.org 

American Psychiatric Association http://www.psych.org 

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology http://www.abpn.com 

American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists http://www.aacp.com 

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry http://www.aacap.org 

Medline Plus http://www.medlineplus.gov

American Medical Association http://www.ama-assn.org

Adolescence, Youth & Prevention

Centers for Disease Control: Division of Adolescent and School Health  http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash 

The Institute for Youth Development http://www.youthdevelopment.org 

CDC: Tobacco Information and Prevention Source (TIPS) http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco 

Mothers Against Drunk Driving  http://www.madd.org 

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org 

Join Together http://www.jointogether.org

Mental Health

National Mental Health Information Center http://www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov 

National Institute of Mental Health http://www.nimh.nih.gov 

The Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) http://www.dbsalliance.org 

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration http://www.samhsa.gov 

The Anxiety Disorders Association of America http://www.adaa.org 

The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention http://www.afsp.org

MentalHealth.gov  www.mentalhealth.gov

Research

image of adobe reader  Strategic Prevention Framework Report

image of adobe reader  Prevention at Work Symposium

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Prevention Framework Works –

In an effort to prevent and reduce the incidence of substance abuse and HIV infection among at-risk ethnic minority and reentry populations in communities that are disproportionately affected, varying initiatives have been administered through the community outreach, HIV testing and counseling, preventive education, substance abuse treatment, case management, and linkage to a continuum of care and support services. Stand has been a leader in those efforts to bring evidence based programs that are proven and work.

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Prevention at Work at STAND, Inc.

Community Reentry – Between October 1, 2004 and September 31, 2012, 300 recently released participants were provided assessments, assistance and referral to community based providers for life stabilizing social support services.

Program
  Enrollment
(Baseline/N=301)
Discharge
Six Month Follow-up/N=247)
Unemployment 53% 30%
Housing (stable) 19% 30%
Family Support 63% 76%
Social Connectedness 75% 84%
Recidivism --   7%

 

 

 

Substance Use/ Abuse Outcomes:
Stand Prevention Initiatives
  Program
  Enrollment
(Baseline/N=301)
Discharge
Six Month Follow-up/N=247)
Alcohol 78%  78%
Marijuana/Hashish 86%  88%
Cocaine/Crack 88%  90%
Heroin 98% 100%
methamphetamine 94%  97%

Sexual Behavior (HIV/AIDS)
Sexual Activities & Practices

  Program
Activities & Practices Enrollment
(Baseline/N=301)
Discharge
Six Month Follow-up/N=247)
  Protection Used Protection Used
last 30 days last encounter last 30 days last encounter
Sexual Encounters 37% 28% 54% 40%
Number of Partners 0 1 2-3 4+ 0 1 2-3 4+
  42% 28% 22% 8% 32% 39% 23% 6%

Sexual Perceptions

  Program
  Enrollment
(Baseline/N=301)
Discharge
Six Month Follow-up/N=247)
Sexual Risks    
Sex without condom (moderate risks) 96%  98%
Likelihood of using condom (next 6 months) 88% 90%
Having sex under influence of drugs / alcohol (moderate to great risks) 80% 82%
HIV / AIDS and STD knowledge    
Score of 70% or greater on subject content 55% 78%

Conclusions

Program participants yield improved outcomes relative to substance use/abuse, sexual perceptions and behavior, and recidivism.

Although most improvements appear to be slight, in terms of percentage increases, keep in mind that all participants had been recently released from incarceration at enrollment. Therefore, reports of abstinence from alcohol, drugs and sexual activity at baseline / enrollment were notably prevalent.

However, note that the slight improvements are in addition to the existing relatively high proportion of abstainers.

Ultimately, the acquisition of stable housing, gainful employed, family reunification, and social connectedness all increased. Most importantly, only 7% of the participants were re-incarcerated upon follow-up at six months post intervention.

Prevention does work…sustainability is essential!

At STAND Inc., we don’t focus on where our clients come from, our emphasis is on where they are capable of going.

Our clients are individuals newly released from jail or prison; those infected and/or affected by select chronic diseases; and, those in the grasp of addiction. We are purposed to develop and facilitate evidenced based, effective re-entry and recovery solutions for under-served populations.
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